A movie theater in Honolulu has seating on both sides of the aisles. There is the U-shaped inverted handrail with openings on the seats on both sides of the aisle. There is no continuous handrail. That is not certain. Is it legal? We work with the utmost integrity in our relationships with clients and the legal community. Does anyone know if it is legal to have a big step in front of the stairs leading to an apartment? A small handrail is available, but I`m also not sure if it`s big enough for all stairs. It doesn`t stretch all the way. (Photo attached) The « legality » of this or any other state of the building is in the final hands of the local building code department and officials. We are committed to excellence in all aspects of the legal profession.
A stair protector must be child-proof, which means the balusters are 4 inches apart and safe. If they can be easily set aside, it`s uncertain – I`d expect your local building inspector to agree. Loose handrails are dangerous and can contribute to a fall or injury; We will not find all possible handrail installation snafu in the codes, but the rail must be tangible and able to withstand specific force loads; In my OPINON, a rail that detaches or slips into its supports is dangerous and would not meet the load requirement; But the last legal authority is your local code inspector. A complete set of CODES for STAIRS & BALUSTRADES in PDF download is available on STAIR CODES & STANDARDS I buy a condominium and there is no handrail on the stairs that lead to the basement. There is a wall on the left and no handrail on the right. Is it legal in New York State and/or Nassau County? Thank you for your help, S.F. 26/07/12 (3) Stairs that give access to portable work are less than 30 inches high. For more details on the balusters (vertical pins in railing construction), we have seven elevations, the first four climbs are 77×60 in the 5th altitude is 36 inches by 77, the 6th elevation is 11×77 inches and the last elevation is 35×77 inches with a 24 inch descent to ground level on the last climb 1926.1052 (c) (2) The winding and spiral stairs must be provided with a handrail, which is offset enough to avoid walking on these stretches. stairs with a profile width of less than 15 cm (6 inches). Without this finger or thumb flush-mounting (it seems to me that it should be on both sides of the rail), the handle is not secure. Richard`s details on when a second handrail is required on the other side of a staircase vary depending on the inspector, the situation and local codes, but usually on a staircase more than 36 inches wide, you will be asked to add the second handrail. I agree that handrails reduce the risk of falls, so in a staircase with other safety risks, more handrail is probably better.
JohnThe poor building code writers can`t predict everything a person could do crazy when building stairs. So you won`t find an exact ban on the condition you`re describing, but I agree that it`s dangerous and inappropriate. A stair railing is essentially a railing along an open staircase. A stair railing itself can be tangible and serve as a handrail, or the stair railing can be higher, larger, and intangible, as shown in our photo on the left. [When these stairs were first built, the handrail was not present.] At first glance, some building codes may seem capricious, even impenetrable and mysterious. This is not the case with the regulations for the construction of stairs for handrails and protective devices. OSHA specifies the following details when describing stairs built for use during building construction:  Minimum hand spacing is the distance between the handrail and the wall. In other words, this is the area your hand goes into.
Is there a code or standard that says when or if you need to have handrails on either side of a staircase? Especially if the stairs are steep. Our photo shows very difficult stairs with a high climb rising more than 230 feet to the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán outside mexico City. Added to the challenge is the combination of uneven and very high climbing levels, the starting altitude (7350 feet), which can contribute to vertigo for tourists, a flexible handrail and the sun itself. Construction began until 2 AD, just before OSHA was founded. @rennerraymond657, your photo, I see enough steps above the degree that I would expect a local building inspector to need both handrails and railings, at least at the entrance. The strip shall extend over the entire width of the step or upper approach and shall be made of a material at least as non-slip as the other steps. A painted strip is allowed. Grooves should not be used to meet this requirement. See DIMENSIONS OF THE STAIR TREAD, where I include and discuss the photo at 1926.1052 (c) (3). The height of the stair railings from the top of the stair railing to the tread surface shall not be less than 34 inches or more than 38 inches, in accordance with the front of the tube rising to the front edge of the tread. How high is the balustrade of a balcony or upper walkway in a building 10` above floor 1? When handrails are provided along walkways whose inclination does not exceed 1:20, the underside of the gripping surfaces of the handrail may be blocked along their entire length if they are part of collision rails or bumpers.
28 October 2004 Mr. Helmut Haydl 3710 Sydna Street Bethlehem, PA 18107 Re: Height of stairs and handrails; §1926.1052(c)(6) and 1926.1052(c)(7) Dear Mr. Haydl: This is a response to your letter of 24. June 2004 concerning occupational safety and health administration (OSHA) standards for stair door and handrail heights and the corresponding requirements of construction law. We apologize for the delay in providing a response. We have paraphrased your request as follows: Question: According to construction standards, can a 42-inch-high upper rail for a staircase also serve as a handrail, or does a handrail also need to be provided? Answer: Section 1926.1052 (Stairs) states: Any inspector who is astute for building code compliance would simply say that the staircase does not provide safe and adequate flexibility throughout the walking area. It would make sense to install a freestanding railing to keep Walker away from the wall so they don`t cut off their heads. Note: If the top edge of a staircase system is also used as a handrail, paragraph (c)(7) of this section applies. Final authority over when and where railings are required on steps, stairs, landings, balconies and terraces rests with your local building code officer. 1926.1052(c)(4) The central rails shall be located at a height in the middle between the upper edge of the stair railing and the stair steps. Some codes (CA/OSHA Title 8 Section 1626) can cause some confusion between the definition of handrail (green arrow) and railings by adding a third term, stair railing (red arrow). (d) A handrail consists of a longitudinal element attached directly to a wall or partition by means of supports fixed to the bottom of the handrail so as not to obstruct a smooth surface along the top and on both sides of the handrail.
The handrail must be designed to provide a gripping surface to prevent the person using it from falling. The distance between the supports should not exceed 8 feet. Note that some sections of the stair railing code work in conjunction with other sections of the stair code. For example, the minimum distance between the railing and the wall on which it is mounted is 1 1/2 inch. However, if the railing is pushed too far, there is a risk that another section of the code will be violated, which provides for a 27-inch walk width between the two railings of a double-balustrade staircase. There are some exceptions where handrails can be larger than 38 inches, such as continuous transitions between flights or transitions from a handrail to a guard. to GRASPABILITY of HANDCROSSINGS. Excerpts can be found below. Note: This code establishes minimum occupational safety and health standards that apply to all workplaces in California. This is not a requirement of the Housing Code, but this text in our OPINION models the safety and design specifications of the stairs. Exceptions:1. Private stairs do not require handrail extensions2.
Handrails have newcomers who start or bend in the first stage on the stairs of group R, division 3 Occupations and in the individual residential units of group R, Division 1 Occupations. (2) Stairs with fewer than four risers do not require handrails or stair railings. Although you have referred to both the General Industry Regulation (29 CFR Part 1910) and the construction industry (Part 1926), this letter refers only to the standards applicable to the construction industry. The general industry standards you cite, §§1910.23(e)(1) and 1910.24(h), do not apply to construction work; We have forwarded your letter to the Office of General Industry Enforcement for a response to these provisions.